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Möbius Transformation

Mathematically, perhaps the most interesting transformation available in Cinderella is the Möbius transformation. This is a transformation with the property that circles and lines are again mapped to circles and lines. Any rotation, translation, or similarity can be considered a special case of a Möbius transformation, whereas neither an affine transformation nor a projective transformation is a Möbius transformation.

A Möbius transformation is defined by three preimage/image pairs of points. Defining a Möbius transformation in Cinderella is analogous to the creation of a similarity, though with six required points instead of four.

The following two pictures demonstrate how a circle is mapped under a Möbius transformation. Since the Möbius transformation in the picture maps A → D, B → E, C → F, a circle through A, B, C is mapped to a circle through D, E, F.  Defining a Möbius transformation Mapping a circle

If one iterates a Möbius transformation, the sequence of mapped pictures forms a mathematically and aesthetically very interesting pattern that can be considered a generalization of a logarithmic spiral. The following picture shows the image of an iterated Möbius transformation applied to a single circle and its center. Iterating a Möbius transformation

A Möbius transformation usually has two distinct fixed points. In the above drawing these fixed points have been constructed explicitly by making sure that the transformation maps A to itself and B to itself.